# trigonometric ratios working model – maths tlm – diy – simple and easy steps

Creating a trigonometric ratios working model using cardboard and colored paper can be an engaging project for teaching and learning.

Here’s a simple DIY project with easy steps to illustrate the basic trigonometric ratios:

## Materials Needed:

1. Cardboard
2. Ruler
3. Pencil
4. Colored paper
5. Scissors
6. Glue or tape
7. Protractor
8. String or yarn
9. Small weight (e.g., paperclip)

## Steps to Create the Trigonometric Ratios Working Model:

Step 1: Prepare the Base:

• Cut a large piece of cardboard to serve as the base for your model.

Step 2: Draw and Cut a Right Triangle:

• Use a ruler and pencil to draw a right-angled triangle on colored paper. Cut it out carefully.

Step 3: Attach the Triangle to the Base:

• Glue or tape the right-angled triangle onto the cardboard base, positioning it so that one side is parallel to the base.

Step 4: Label the Angles and Sides:

• Label the angles of the triangle as A, B, and C. Label the sides opposite these angles as a, b, and c.

Step 5: Draw Altitude and Hypotenuse Extension:

• Extend the hypotenuse (side c) using colored paper. Draw an altitude from the right angle to the extended hypotenuse.

Step 6: Create Labels:

• Cut out labels for the sides and angles (a, b, c, A, B, C) using colored paper.

Step 7: Attach Labels:

• Attach the labels to their corresponding sides and angles on the model using glue or tape.

Step 8: Create a String and Weight:

• Cut a piece of string or yarn and attach a small weight to one end (e.g., a paperclip). This will represent the plumb line.

Step 9: Attach String to the Altitude:

• Attach the other end of the string to the altitude you drew from the right angle. Ensure the plumb line hangs freely.

Step 10: Display and Demonstrate:

• Set up your trigonometric ratios working model at the exhibition table.
• Demonstrate how the plumb line corresponds to the altitude, illustrating the trigonometric ratios.

## Explanation:

• During your exhibition, explain each trigonometric ratio (sine, cosine, tangent) in relation to the sides of the right triangle.
• Demonstrate how changing the angles affects the length of the sides and, consequently, the plumb line.

This trigonometric ratios working model provides a hands-on and visual representation of basic trigonometric concepts using cardboard and colored paper.

It’s a useful Teaching-Learning Material (TLM) for understanding the relationships between angles and sides in a right-angled triangle.