How to make electricity transmission from power plant to homes working model

In this post we write about making of how electricity transfers from power plant to homes via transformers – diy using cardboard

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Creating a working model to demonstrate how electricity transfers from a power plant to homes via transformers using cardboard, aluminum wire, a 9V battery, a switch, and an LED light is an interesting project.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you build this model:

Materials Needed:

  • Cardboard (for the base and structures)
  • Aluminum wire (or copper wire, for conducting electricity)
  • Small transformer model (can be made from cardboard or purchased)
  • LED light (to represent a house or bulb)
  • 9V battery and battery connector
  • Wires and connectors
  • Small switch
  • Color paper or markers (for detailing)
  • Hot glue gun or strong adhesive
  • Scissors
  • Craft knife (for cutting cardboard)
  • Ruler
  • Marker or pen

Video steps on depicting how to make the electricity transmission working model

1. Prepare the Base and Structures

  1. Base Preparation:
    • Start with a large piece of cardboard as the base. This will serve as the foundation for your model.
  2. Transformer Representation:
    • Create or obtain a small transformer model. You can make one from cardboard by creating a box-like structure with coils inside to represent the transformer.
  3. Power Lines (Aluminum Wire):
    • Cut aluminum wire into suitable lengths to represent power lines running from the power plant (transformer) to homes. Securely attach these wires on poles or towers made from cardboard.

2. Install the Transformer and Wires

  1. Mount the Transformer:
    • Position the transformer model on the base cardboard, indicating it’s near the power plant. Ensure it’s securely fixed in place.
  2. Connect the Wires:
    • Attach one end of the aluminum wire to the output terminals of the transformer model. Extend the wires across the base cardboard to represent the distribution network.

3. Create the House Representation

  1. LED Light as a House:
    • Use an LED light to represent a house or a light bulb. Attach wires to the LED terminals for electrical connection.
  2. Connect to Power Lines:
    • Extend the wires from the LED light to connect with the aluminum wires representing power lines. This demonstrates how electricity flows from the transformer to homes.

4. Electrical Connections and Demonstration

  1. Battery and Switch Setup:
    • Connect the 9V battery to the transformer input terminals using wires and a battery connector. Use a switch to control the flow of electricity from the battery to the transformer.
  2. Operate the Model:
    • Close the switch to complete the circuit. The LED light should illuminate, representing electricity flowing from the power plant (transformer) to the home (LED light).

5. Detailing and Presentation

  1. Detailing:
    • Use color paper or markers to label and decorate the transformer, power lines, and the house representation. Add details such as poles, insulators, and other components to enhance realism.
  2. Educational Explanation:
    • Explain the process of electricity generation, transmission, and distribution from power plants to homes via transformers.
    • Discuss the role of transformers in stepping up and stepping down voltage for efficient power transfer.

By following these steps, you can create an informative and visually appealing working model that demonstrates the transfer of electricity from a power plant to homes via transformers using simple materials like cardboard, wires, and an LED light.

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