Step farming school project model science project for the science exhibition


In this topic, we are going to show you how to build a step farming model for your science project or exhibitions.

What is a terrace or step farming

A type of farming which consists of different steps which are known as terraces or step is built on slopes of hills and mountains.

step farming model

Advantages of terrace farming

Whenever it rains heavily instead of soil nutrients being wasted it will be carried to next down terrace.

Every step is made up of an outlet which is used to channel water to the next level.

This type of farming method uses steps which are built into sides of hills or mountains.

On each level different types of crops are planted.

Whenever it rains nutrients of soil are not washed away and they are carried down to next level

Steps also help to prevent a free-flowing avalanche of water that would carry plants with it and also destroy all crops on the hillside.

It helps to build aqueducts which carries water to each level.

Terrace farming is adopted by various cultures around the world.

It helped to support civilizations increased need for poultry, crops, and livestock.

It helped in avoiding soil erosion, runoff water, and rainwater was preserved,

It provides goods for local people and also features the most spectacular landscapes in the world.

Philippine Cordilleras’s rice terrace is a world heritage site. It is almost 2000 years old.

disadvantages or Issues of terrace farming

  • Rainwater saturation of the ground( due to ground retains too much water)
  • Soil erosion

Step by Step Video to Making of Step Farming Model

In this video, we will show you the following steps and items that can be used to step farming model at home for a science project

Materials Used to make step farming models

  • White and Color Chart Paper
  • Card Board
  • Blade
  • Pencil
  • Color paints
  • Paintbrush
  • Hot Glue Gun
  • Plastic trees and bushes
  • Plastic car
  • Fevicol
  • Waste Boxes to get cardboard
  • Scissor to Cut

Questions & Answers about step or terrace farming model

  1. What are the benefits of step farming?
    It mainly allows us to use the land that would not have been used using the conventional farming method. Erosion is prevented during heavy rainfall as water runs down the slope and reduces flooding in the valleys.
  2. Where is terrace farming done in India?
    North-eastern states of India like Assam, Mizoram, and Nagaland are famous for terrace farming. Also, Uttrakhand in Himachal Pradesh uses terrace farming to cultivate various crops.
  3. What kind of crops grown in terrace farming?
    Rice paddies, grape vines, olive, and other agricultural trees are grown in terrace farming.
  4. What are the benefits of terrace farming?
    The main benefit of terrace farming is the conservation of soil and water. Terraces help to reduce both water velocity and amount of water movement which intern reduces soil erosion.
  5. Where is the terrace farming done?
    It is done by cutting flat areas out of hills or mountainous landscape so that we can grow crops.


Step farming helps us to understand how we can conserve both water and soil resources and make the best use of them to grow various crops.

Leave a Comment