how to make kidney working model using syringes

Creating a kidney working model using syringes to represent both the left and right kidneys, as well as a bladder using a syringe with a tap to control urine flow, can be an engaging educational project.

Here’s how you can do it:

Materials needed:

  1. Two large syringes (to represent the left and right kidneys)
  2. One smaller syringe (to represent the bladder)
  3. Tubing or small plastic hoses
  4. Water or colored water (to represent urine)
  5. Container or basin (to collect urine)
  6. Hot glue gun or adhesive
  7. Scissors

Step by Step Video Instructions:

kidney working model using syringes
  1. Prepare the Kidney Syringes:
    • Take the two large syringes and remove the plungers.
    • Cut small pieces of tubing or plastic hoses to connect to the nozzle end of each syringe. These tubes will represent the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
    • Use a hot glue gun or adhesive to securely attach one end of the tubing to the nozzle of each syringe.
  2. Create the Bladder:
    • Take the smaller syringe and remove the plunger.
    • Attach a longer piece of tubing to the nozzle end of the syringe. This tube will represent the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
    • If possible, attach a tap or valve to the tubing to control the flow of urine from the bladder.
  3. Connect the Components:
    • Connect the other end of the tubing from each kidney syringe to the bladder syringe. This simulates the connection between the kidneys and the bladder via the ureters.
    • Ensure that the connections are secure to prevent leaks.
  4. Fill with Water:
    • Fill each kidney syringe with water or colored water to represent urine.
    • Fill the bladder syringe with water as well.
  5. Demonstrate Filtration:
    • Press the plunger of each kidney syringe to simulate the filtration process in the kidneys. As you press the plunger, water will flow through the tubing into the bladder syringe, representing urine being produced by the kidneys.
  6. Control Urine Flow:
    • Use the tap or valve attached to the tubing of the bladder syringe to control the flow of urine. Open the tap to allow urine to flow out of the bladder and close it to stop the flow.
  7. Explain the Process:
    • As you demonstrate the model, explain how the kidneys filter waste and excess fluids from the blood to produce urine, which is then stored in the bladder until it is expelled from the body.
  8. Discuss Kidney Function:
    • Use the model as a visual aid to discuss the importance of kidney function in maintaining proper fluid balance, removing waste products from the body, and regulating electrolyte levels.

By following these steps, you can create a simple yet effective working model of the kidneys and bladder using syringes to demonstrate the process of urine production and storage. Adjustments can be made based on available resources and desired level of detail or complexity.

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