# how to make types of forces model making – physics project – howtofunda

Creating a physics project model to demonstrate different types of forces using cardboard and colored paper can be an engaging way to learn about these concepts.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to make this model with 8 partitions, each representing a different type of force:

### Materials Needed:

• Cardboard
• Colored paper
• Scissors
• Glue
• Ruler
• Marker
• Small objects for demonstrations (e.g., magnets, rubber bands, small weights, etc.)

### Steps:

#### 1. Prepare the Base:

1. Cut the Cardboard Base: Cut a large piece of cardboard (around 60 cm x 40 cm) to serve as the base of your model.
2. Cover with Colored Paper: Cover the cardboard base with colored paper using glue to make it visually appealing.
3. Draw Partitions: Using a ruler and marker, divide the base into 8 equal sections. Each section will represent a different type of force.

#### 2. Create the Force Demonstrations:

##### 1. Frictional Force:
• Example: A toy car moving on different surfaces.
• Setup: Attach small pieces of different textured materials (sandpaper, smooth paper) to the base. Place a small toy car on each surface to show how friction affects its movement.
##### 2. Gravitational Force:
• Example: An object falling.
• Setup: Glue a small figure or object to the top of a vertical strip of cardboard. Attach this strip to the partition and draw arrows to show the direction of gravitational pull.
##### 3. Tension Force:
• Example: A stretched rubber band.
• Setup: Attach a rubber band between two small posts made from cardboard. Show how pulling on the rubber band creates tension.
##### 4. Electrical Force:
• Example: Static electricity attracting small pieces of paper.
• Setup: Use a small balloon or comb rubbed on wool to attract tiny pieces of paper. Glue this setup in the partition and add arrows to show the direction of the electrical force.
##### 5. Normal Force:
• Example: A book resting on a table.
• Setup: Create a small cardboard table and place a miniature book or a block on it. Draw arrows to show the normal force acting perpendicular to the surface.
##### 6. Magnetic Force:
• Example: Magnets attracting or repelling.
• Setup: Attach small magnets to the partition and place them in such a way to show attraction or repulsion. Use arrows to indicate the magnetic force direction.
##### 7. Air Resistance Force:
• Example: A parachute slowing down a falling object.
• Setup: Create a small parachute using a piece of fabric or paper attached to a lightweight object. Show how the parachute slows the descent due to air resistance.
##### 8. Applied Force:
• Example: Pushing a block.
• Setup: Place a small block and a figure pushing it. Draw arrows to indicate the direction of the applied force.
##### 9. Spring Force:
• Example: A compressed or stretched spring.
• Setup: Attach a small spring (can be made from a wire or found from an old pen) to the partition. Show how compressing or stretching the spring creates a force.

#### 3. Add Labels and Explanations:

1. Label Each Partition: Use markers and colored paper to create labels for each type of force. Place the labels at the top of each partition.
2. Write Explanations: Write brief explanations of each force on small pieces of colored paper. Attach these explanations within each partition to describe the real-life example and how the force works.

This project will help visually demonstrate and explain various types of forces through real-life examples, making the concepts more relatable and understandable.