A zoo is a place where animals are kept in a safe and protected habitat for the purpose of observation and experience of common man. The term zoo refers to zoological garden.

The word zoology was derived from the Greek word, ‘zoion’ meaning animal and ‘logia’ which means study. The animals present at zoos are mostly wild and rare animals.

These animals are cared for and tamed for the benefit of the population around it. Within enclosures, a model of the natural habitat of the animal is created to make the animal feel at ease.

The following video demonstrates how to create a model of a zoo, in simple and easy steps. The video throws light on how to create a model of a zoo, that is realistic and a fair representation.

Materials required:

  • Colour paper
  • Paper cutter
  • Fevicol
  • Sticks
  • Glue gun
  • Cardboard
  • Pencil
  • Scale
  • Paint and paint brushes
  • Chart paper
  • Plastic or miniature animals

You use the resource/tools page section to find the tips where you can buy these materials used at a reasonable cost.

Detailed Video Show How To Make ZOO MODEL MAKING

Questions and Answers:

  1. Who gave the idea of a zoo?

In the 19th century, Carl Hagenbeck come up with the idea of zoos.

  • Why do zoos exist? What is their purpose?

Zoos are a source of knowledge to the common man and a way for scientists to test and explore the behaviour of wild animals in safe spaces and environments. Zoos sometimes serve as conservation centres as well, for endangered species.

  • Which is the world’s oldest zoo?

The oldest zoo in the world is in Vienna, Austria. It was built by a Holy Roman Emperor Franz Josef for his wife in 1752.

  • How many zoos does India have?

There are around 54 zoos in India. Some of them are specifically meant for reptiles and snakes, while some of them possess a range of animals, both wild and domestic.

  • Which are the largest zoos in the world?

One of the hugest zoos in the world is the Berlin Zoological Garden, it is the oldest and an extremely famous zoo in Germany. The zoo spans over 84 acres and its location is in Berlin’s Tiergarten. There are more than 1500 different species present in the zoo. And as many as 17,000 animals, it is one of the largest collection of animals.

The other notable zoos are Columbia zoo and aquarium, Moscow zoo, San Diego zoo, Toronto zoo, Bronx zoo, Beijing zoo and the Henry doorly zoo.


Zoo are places meant for the enlightenment and education of the common man.

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