how to make working model of a greenhouse farming system

Creating a working model of a greenhouse farming system with a plastic cover, LED lights, and artificial plants is a great way to demonstrate the concept of controlled environment agriculture.

Here’s how you can make it:

Materials Needed:

  1. Cardboard or plywood (for the base)
  2. Clear plastic sheeting or transparent plastic container (for the greenhouse cover)
  3. Small LED lights (white or full-spectrum)
  4. Artificial plants or small potted plants
  5. Small pots or containers for plants
  6. Soil or potting mix
  7. Watering can or spray bottle
  8. Markers or colored paper (for decoration)
  9. Scissors or utility knife
  10. Hot glue gun or strong adhesive

Steps by Steps Video Instructions greenhouse farming:

working model of a greenhouse farming system

1. Prepare the Base:

  • Cut out a piece of cardboard or plywood to serve as the base of your greenhouse model.
  • Ensure the base is large enough to accommodate the greenhouse structure and plant pots.

2. Build the Greenhouse Structure:

  • Create the frame of the greenhouse using cardboard or small sticks.
  • Cut four equal-sized pieces for the sides and two longer pieces for the roof.
  • Assemble the pieces to form a rectangular shape, leaving one side open for access.

3. Cover with Plastic:

  • Cut a piece of clear plastic sheeting or use a transparent plastic container to cover the frame.
  • Attach the plastic to the frame using hot glue or strong adhesive.
  • Leave the front side open to access the interior of the greenhouse.

4. Add LED Lights:

  • Attach small LED lights to the interior sides of the greenhouse using hot glue or tape.
  • Ensure the lights are evenly distributed to provide uniform illumination.

5. Plant Artificial Plants:

  • Place small pots or containers inside the greenhouse.
  • Fill the pots with soil or potting mix.
  • Plant artificial plants or place small potted plants inside the pots.
  • Arrange the plants to create a realistic and visually appealing environment.

6. Decorate the Base:

  • Decorate the base of the greenhouse with markers, colored paper, or other materials.
  • Create pathways, garden beds, or other features to enhance the visual appeal.

7. Test Your Greenhouse:

  • Place the greenhouse in a well-lit area.
  • Turn on the LED lights to simulate sunlight.
  • Observe how the plants react to the light and environment inside the greenhouse.
  • Water the plants as needed to maintain moisture levels.


  • The model greenhouse simulates a controlled environment where plants can grow under optimal conditions.
  • The clear plastic cover allows sunlight to enter while trapping heat and moisture, creating a warm and humid environment.
  • The LED lights provide supplemental light to ensure the plants receive enough energy for photosynthesis.
  • Artificial plants or small potted plants demonstrate how different crops can be grown in a greenhouse environment.

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