Making of Solar and Lunar eclipse 3D working model for school science exhibition with explanation


In this topic, we are going to show you how to build a solar and lunar eclipse model for your science project or exhibitions.

Solar and Lunar eclipse 3D working model

What is Eclipse & Its Types

When an astronomical object is temporarily obscured in an astronomical event, it is termed as an eclipse.

Eclipse is basically of two type’s namely solar eclipse and lunar eclipse.

Solar and lunar eclipses happen during eclipse season, two times of each year when the plane of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun crosses with the plane of the Moon’s orbit around the Earth.

Apparent sizes of sun and moon constitute the type of solar eclipse that happens during each season.

When Do Solar eclipse Occurs?

When Moon passes in front of the Sun then solar eclipse occurs. The distance of the Moon from the Earth during the event determines the type of solar eclipse.

When the Earth intersects the umbra portion of the Moon’s shadow it results in a total solar eclipse.

When the viewer is inside the penumbra then Partial solar eclipses occur.

When does Lunar eclipse Occur?

When the Moon passes through the Earth’s shadow then lunar eclipse occurs. It takes place only during the full moon when it is on the far side of the earth from the sun.

This can be viewed from nearly an entire hemisphere. It lasts for a longer period of time taking several hours to complete with totality itself usually averaging anywhere from about 30 minutes to an hour.

Step by Step Video to Build the working model of solar and lunar eclipse

In this video, we will show you the following steps and items that can be used to build a solar and lunar eclipse model at home by taking help freely from your parents.

Materials Used to make the working model of solar and lunar eclipse

  • White and Color Chart Paper
  • Plastic ball
  • Color Paints
  • Thin Card Board
  • Card Board
  • Scale
  • Pin
  • Blade
  • Cotton
  • Pencil
  • Paintbrush
  • Plastic pipe
  • Smile ball
  • Hot Glue Gun
  • Fevicol
  • Waste Boxes to get thin and thick cardboard
  • Scissor to Cut

Science Exhibition Questions & Answers for Solar and Lunar Eclipse

  1. What is the difference between solar and lunar eclipse?
    A solar eclipse takes place when the moon passes between earth and sun whereas lunar eclipse takes place when Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun.
  2. Can a solar and lunar eclipse happen on the same day?
    It is not possible for both solar and lunar eclipse to happen on the same day.
  3. How many types of solar eclipses are there?
    Partial, Annular, Total and Hybrid are four types of solar eclipses.
  4. What are the types of lunar eclipse?
    Penumbral Lunar Eclipse, Partial Lunar Eclipse and Total Lunar Eclipse are three types of lunar eclipse.


Solar and Lunar eclipse model helps us to understand the behavior of the moon, sun, and earth which cause various types of eclipses.

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