Creating a **maths working model** (TLM) to teach the concepts of **greater than (>)**, **less than (<)**, and **equal to (=)** can be a highly effective way to help students understand comparison of numbers.

This interactive model will allow students to physically engage with these concepts and make learning more visual and fun.

**Objective:**

To create a working model that visually demonstrates the concepts of **greater than**, **less than**, and **equal to** using numbers and interactive tools.

**Materials Needed:**

**Cardboard or foam board**(for the base)**Markers or colored pens**(for writing numbers and symbols)**Scissors**(to cut shapes)**Paper or colored paper**(for creating numbers and comparison symbols)**Velcro strips or magnets**(for attaching removable numbers and symbols)**Glue**(for assembly)**Small objects**(like buttons, beads, or pom-poms) for counting**Scale or balance model**(optional, for comparison visualization)

**Step-by-Step Guide for Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To Model:**

**1. Prepare the Base:**

Take a large **cardboard or foam board** (about 30 cm x 40 cm) as the base for the model.

- Divide the board into three sections with markers or a ruler:
**Greater than (>)****Less than (<)****Equal to (=)**

**2. Create the Number Cards:**

**Objective:** To create movable number cards that students can use to compare values.

- Cut out
**rectangular cards**from colored paper (around 5 cm x 5 cm each). - Write different numbers on these cards using markers (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20). You can create a variety of numbers ranging from small single digits to larger two-digit numbers.
- Add
**Velcro**or**magnet strips**to the back of the cards so that they can be easily attached and removed from the board.

**3. Create the Comparison Symbols:**

**Objective:** To make the greater than, less than, and equal to symbols interactive.

- Cut out large
**comparison symbols**from colored paper:**Greater than (>)****Less than (<)****Equal to (=)**

- Make these symbols large and bold so they are easy to see. Attach
**Velcro strips**or**magnets**to the back of these symbols so they can be placed on the board between the numbers.

**4. Set Up the Model:**

- On the
**left side of the board**, create an area where students can attach one number card. - In the
**middle section**, allow for placement of one of the comparison symbols (> or < or =). - On the
**right side**, leave space to attach another number card. - You can label these sections:
**Left number****Comparison sign****Right number**

- Now, students can place any two numbers on either side and choose the correct symbol to compare the two numbers.

**5. Interactive Element – Counting Objects:**

**Objective:** To provide a hands-on approach for comparing numbers.

- Add small
**buckets**or**boxes**on either side of the comparison area, where students can place small objects like beads, pom-poms, or buttons. - If the left number is 5, students can place 5 objects in the left bucket, and if the right number is 8, they can place 8 objects in the right bucket. This visual representation helps them see which side has more or fewer objects.
- After placing the objects, they can select the correct comparison symbol based on their observations (greater than, less than, or equal to).

**6. Optional Feature – Balance Scale Comparison:**

**Objective:** To give a more visual and physical representation of greater than, less than, and equal to.

- You can create a
**simple balance scale**using a hanger or a stick with two small cups attached at either end. - When students compare two numbers, they can place objects representing those numbers (e.g., 5 marbles on one side and 8 on the other side) on the balance.
- The balance will tilt to the side with the larger number, giving a clear demonstration of
**greater than**and**less than**. - If the balance remains level, the numbers are
**equal**.

**7. Labeling:**

- Add clear labels for each section to remind students of the concepts:
- “Greater Than (>)”
- “Less Than (<)”
- “Equal To (=)”

- You can also add small labels showing
**real-world examples**, such as:- “5 < 10 means 5 is less than 10.”
- “7 > 3 means 7 is greater than 3.”
- “8 = 8 means 8 is equal to 8.”

**8. How the Model Works:**

**Step 1:**Students choose two numbers from the number cards and place them on the board in the left and right sections.**Step 2:**They then compare the numbers using the counting objects or the balance scale to visually see which number is greater, less, or equal.**Step 3:**After comparing, they select the appropriate symbol (>, <, or =) and place it between the two numbers.