In this post we write about making of nephron model using cardboard – science model | diy
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Creating a nephron model using cardboard, sticks, color papers, and woolen thread can be an informative and engaging way to understand the basic structure and function of a nephron, the functional unit of the kidney.
Let’s build a simple 3D nephron model with these materials.
- Cardboard (for the base and structures)
- Sticks (to represent the blood vessels)
- Color paper (for representing different components of the nephron)
- Woolen thread (to represent the tubules)
- Glue or double-sided tape
- Marker pens or sketch pens
- Cut a rectangular or square piece of cardboard to serve as the base for the nephron model.
- Glomerulus and Bowman’s Capsule:
- Use color paper to represent the glomerulus (a tuft of blood vessels) and Bowman’s capsule (the first part of the nephron).
- Cut out a small circle to represent the glomerulus and a larger cup-like shape to represent Bowman’s capsule.
- Glue the glomerulus inside the Bowman’s capsule, positioning it at the open end.
- Proximal Convoluted Tubule (PCT):
- Use woolen thread to represent the PCT, which is a convoluted tube attached to the Bowman’s capsule.
- Glue one end of the woolen thread near the glomerulus and arrange it in a winding manner to create the PCT.
- Loop of Henle:
- Continue the woolen thread from the PCT, forming a U-shape to represent the loop of Henle.
- Glue the end of the loop of Henle near the starting point of the PCT.
- Distal Convoluted Tubule (DCT):
- Extend the woolen thread from the loop of Henle to create the DCT, another convoluted tube.
- Glue the end of the DCT near the end of the loop of Henle.
- Collecting Duct:
- Extend the woolen thread further from the DCT to represent the collecting duct, the final part of the nephron.
- Glue the end of the collecting duct near the end of the DCT.
- Blood Vessels:
- Use sticks to represent the blood vessels associated with the nephron.
- Glue the sticks alongside the tubules to represent the afferent and efferent arterioles and the peritubular capillaries.
- Labeling and Details:
- Use marker pens or sketch pens to label each component of the nephron (glomerulus, Bowman’s capsule, PCT, loop of Henle, DCT, collecting duct, blood vessels).
- Decorating the Model:
- Use markers or color paper to decorate the nephron model and add more details to make it visually appealing.
Now, you have a simple 3D nephron model made from cardboard, sticks, color papers, and woolen thread. This model can be a helpful visual aid to understand the basic structure of a nephron and how it filters and processes blood to produce urine. It’s an interactive and creative way to explore the anatomy and function of the nephron in the kidneys.